News From Telecom World

Archive for December 2008

Indonesia will implement Wimax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) broadband technology next year to improve access to the Internet across the country, an official said Sunday.

Engkos Koswara, an expert adviser to the state minister for research and technology, told Antara news agency the government was still testing the 2.3 GHz frequency for the Wimax technology.

“We hope that by next year, Wimax technology will be implemented,” he said in Medan, North Sumatra, adding the government would encourage the use of domestic products to support the technology.

Indonesia ranks very low in the region in the use of broadband for Internet access.

Engkos was in Medan to attend the promotion of IGOS (Indonesia Goes Open Source) and the launching of IGOS for North Sumatra (IGOS Sumut).

IGOS, launched in 2004, was launched to promote the use of open source software throughout the country.

Source: Jakarta Post


American job titles and responsibilities are constantly morphing to suit the economic and cultural transitions of our madcap age. Euphemisms are often the way recruiters dress up old job titles to narrow the field to specialists. A “hash slinger” is now termed a “culinary resource professional.” Kidding aside, today’s workers are often forced by marketplace realities to undergo at least one rapid job change over their adult lives. Many enroll at online colleges and trade schools to garner fresh skills that fit their experience and previous training.

Some of these hot new careers you may have never heard of are “green-collar” jobs. These jobs are on the rise as the business world responds to dramatic increases in energy costs and environmental regulation. And while disposable income seems threatened by a roller-coaster economy, other new careers are springing up to suit those who have cash to spend.

Here are six hot career fields you may not have heard of:

Eco Tourism Director

Traditional hospitality careers are increasingly marching to the ecotourism drumbeat. According to the International Ecotourism Society, ecotourism is growing at three times the rate of traditional vacationing, increasing annually up to 30 percent. If you’re just preparing for the field, seek an associate’s degree in hospitality, travel, or tourism. If you’re already aboard, why not train to manage a hotel, bed and breakfast, spa, or resort with a graduate degree in business or hospitality? The majority of lodging managers are self-employed professionals. Top earners in 2007 averaged $83,240 for the year.

Professional Hacker

Ever hear of a certified ethical hacker? That’s the professional IT certification for a computer scientist that works as a security specialist, forensic investigator, or network defense architect for corporations, the government, and law enforcement agencies to help prevent hacking or to track down perpetrators. To get into the field, you’ll need more than the hacking skills you tweaked together in your garage. Begin by earning a bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology. You can get additional online college training in network security. The top 50 percent of computer scientists earned between $97,970 and $123,900 in 2007.

Pet Psychologist

Don’t be so shocked. Even Sparky sometimes needs help to keep from gnawing through the neighbor’s bed of prized roses. Once the local vet has ruled out physical ailments that can contribute to rude pet behavior, people who love their animals may need to call in a trained, certified behaviorist or pet psychologist. As with human patients, pets can be analyzed and taught to act contrary to destructive impulses. There are even certified applied animal behaviorists. To get into the field, you’ll need a master’s or doctorate degree in psychology, preferably with additional work in zoology and animal behavior. Salaries vary greatly by locale, but can be upwards of $90,000 a year.

Conservation Consultant

There are companies who are greatly concerned with increasing energy efficiency. And there are those with a conscience, striving to reduce their carbon footprint. When Yahoo! decided to go carbon-neutral by 2007, they hired a director of energy strategy and climate change. Combine your thirst for conservation with an engineering degree to prepare for this thriving field. The U.S. Labor Department predicts a hefty 25 percent increase in environmental engineers during the 2006-2016 decade. In 2007, the top 50 percent earned between $70,000 and $106,000.

Fashion Consultant/Personal Shopper

Among those who care about their appearance, many are born with amazing taste; some have to work for it. Fashion designers and consultants help those who can afford personal attention to transform their image. You can be the one to consult on hair, makeup, and fashion–and then be the one to take your clients shopping. Get career training through an associate’s or bachelor’s degree program in fashion design. Top earners in the fashion design trades in 2007 took home $121,640 on average.

Mobile Experience Architect

The cool streaming videos and eye-popping CD covers that get delivered to the screens of millions of cell phones and PDAs each hour are designed to make you spend money. Information architects create the structure and mind-manipulating patterns (site maps) of each mobile delivery. You’ll need to learn about marketing, strategy, and user testing through a degree program in computer science, Web design, or business. There’s even an IT certification for professional mobile architects. Salaries range into six figures.

As our world rapidly evolves, it’s no surprise that the work landscape is evolving as well. You can prepare for and keep up with the changes by updating your training and credentials.

Source: Yahoo Hotjobs

In all networks, there is a perpetual debate about the growth of whatever flows across it (data, voice telephony, traffic. electricity) and what levels of investment are most appropriate for carrying the future load without deterioration of quality. This debate is going on now, about the Internet and the load likely to be placed on it by proliferating video, the so called exaflood. But then, profits are essential for investment. The quote below is about a data drought that could drive down profits and cause all kinds of bad things to happen.

Panic over, then? Not quite. Perversely, the real threat may come from a reduction in internet-traffic growth, says Dr Odlyzko. Too little internet traffic, he contends, could prove to be more dangerous to the industry than too much. A traffic-growth rate of 50%, combined with steady declines in equipment costs, means revenues are stagnant, “which is hardly a cheering prospect for the industry”. If traffic growth continues to fall—it is already below 10% in Hong Kong, where high-speed access is abundant—there will be slowing demand for faster connections from operators and new equipment from vendors. But if compelling new applications drive the growth rate back up to 100%, its level for many years, there will be more demand from customers for new services and equipment. Accordingly, says Dr Odlyzko, the industry should be looking for ways to stimulate traffic growth, rather than limit it.

Source: LirneAsia

Hiring the right people is not as simple as it sounds! Millions of managers ask themselves this same question every day. I asked my friends Geoff Smart and Randy Street (HBS ’97), co-authors of the instant New York Times bestseller Who: The A Method for Hiring, if they would answer this question. Following is their answer.

GS & RS: It’s hard to hire the right person because managers use “voodoo hiring” methods that don’t work. Unsuccessful hiring is every manager’s #1 problem. They don’t teach you how to hire in high school, college, or even at Harvard Business School!

Hiring managers who invent their own approaches, most of which are horrible, not only waste time, but also produce a 50% failure rate on average. And, in tough economic times like these, getting your business’s house in order from a talent perspective is of paramount importance if you are going to weather the storm.

We conducted the largest research ever done to solve this problem of unsuccessful hiring. We distilled 13 years of consulting insights across hundreds of companies, performed exclusive interviews with over 20 billionaires and 60 other CEOs and investors to collect their best advice and stories on this topic, and completed a university-sponsored scientific study of 313 CEO careers.

What did we learn? We learned 7 things that managers can do today to improve their hiring success rate from 50% to 90%. We call this the “A Method For Hiring.”

1. Write a written “scorecard” with quantifiable outcomes you expect a person to deliver. It’s time to be precise — not fuzzy.
2. Identify what elements of your culture you must have in candidates.
3. Source the best candidates using your network and think twice before over-relying on ads, job boards, and recruiters.
4. Consider paying a much bigger referral bounty to your employees who source A Players who are hired. One high performing company, for example, pays its employees a $100,000 hiring bounty for people who are hired (paid out $10k per year for 10 years of start date if both the referring party and the referred party are still employed).
5. Select the right person by conducting at least one extremely thorough, 3-hour, chronological interview. Really dig in. Find out for each job the person has had:
* What was the person hired to do?
* What were his or her biggest accomplishments?
* What were his or her mistakes?
* What would his or her bosses say about them (which can be verified with reference checks).
* Why did he or she leave?
6. Watch out for red flags like: candidates who don’t take responsibility for past mistakes, or who speak poorly of most of their bosses. Watch out for the 20 behavioral derailers that Marshall Goldsmith writes about in What Got You Here Won’t Get You There.
7. Sell candidates by remembering the 5 Fs of what candidates care about:
* Fit (with your company)
* Family (support for joining your company)
* Freedom (to make decisions)
* Fortune (and glory)
* Fun

Source: Harvard Business

A word of caution before you read this article: “It has been written in US context”.

With every tick of the clock, 2008 is taking its final steps toward 2009, when the year starts afresh. From a broadband perspective it has been an eventful year—one that was good, bad, and ugly. Here is a rundown of 10 stories that defined the sector in 2008:

1. Optical cable cuts bookmark the year

In 2008 we saw undersea optical cables cut on two separate occasions, resulting in limited Internet and voice access in countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. In January two cables went out in the Mediterranean Sea, and then two more went on the blink in February. Toward the end of 2008, similar cable cuts near Malta led to wide-scale problems.

2. Peering troubles disrupt the Internet

Cogent Communications, a wholesale bandwidth provider, got into a fracas with two separate carriers—Telia and Sprint —and shut off its connections with them, which resulted in many of their customers losing access to the Internet. Regardless of whose fault it was, the brouhaha brought home the fact that the Internet is really a network where many parties agree to interconnect to each other and any one party can cause the whole thing to fall apart (or slow down).

3. The unwelcome rise of metered broadband

In the U.S., we started to see the asphyxiation of unlimited broadband. Limited by imagination and slowing growth prospects and with their video franchises threatened, newly independent Time Warner Cable and Comcast embraced the concept of metered broadband. Phone companies joined in, and now we are faced with a rather bleak broadband future in this country. Of course everyone is blaming P2P, Hulu, and the growing demand for online video. But once ISPs started to block P2P traffic , they soon found themselves in trouble with the FCC. We issued our own GigaOM white paper that looked at the facts and fiction of bandwidth caps.
4. Wireless broadband takes wings, thanks to the iPhone 3G

This summer, Apple released the 3G version of its popular iPhone, leading to a sharp increase in the demand for wireless Internet access. As predicted, it has tested the capabilities of AT&T’s wireless network, while lifting demand for more capacity on mobile backhaul networks. AT&T had to buy Wayport, a Wi-Fi operator, to supplement its 3G networks as consumers turned to cheaper Wi-Fi for Internet access on their phones. Other wireless carriers are responding with their own devices and wireless data, turning it into a massive (and lucrative) business. Most notably, T-Mobile USA launched its much-awaited 3G network and a Google Phone to go along with it.

5. Planet Broadband

There are now more than 400 million broadband users around the planet, many of them using faster (and somewhat more expensive) DSL connections. In leading broadband nations like Japan, Korea, and parts of Europe, fiber-based Internet access became even more popular. In the U.S., Verizon is leading the fiber charge with its FiOS service. The U.S. remains the largest, if not the fastest (in terms of speed), broadband market.

6. Outages become commonplace

In 2008, our reliance on the Internet—and on Web services in particular—increased, and more than once we were made acutely away of the fragile nature of Web infrastructure. Google’s popular Gmail service went on the blink, Amazon’s fast-growing, cloud-based storage S3 service nosedived in July and more recently, DNS problems hit Yahoo and customers of its e-mail service. And let’s not forget when a simple routing change by Pakistan Telecom to block YouTube took down the video service for hours, leading to a sharp increase in productivity around the world.

7. Broadband capacity keeps growing

The growth of global commerce and online video will be enough to fill up all the optical pipes, according to Level 3 CEO Jim Crowe. The increasing number of mobile subscribers globally is causing an exponential rise in the demand for bandwidth, which is why despite declining prices there were several new cables installed , notably those connecting Africa and Asia to the rest of the planet. Meanwhile Google took stakes in pan-Asian cables as it tried to expand its reach eastward; it also bought a piece of satellite-based wholesale bandwidth provider, O3B Networks.

8. Clearwire and the divergent fortunes of WiMAX

Sprint and Clearwire teamed up to form a new company, Clearwire, that will offer WiMAX-based broadband service in many U.S. cities. The company received more than $3 billion from backerslike Google, Intel, and cable operators such as Time Warner Cable and Comcast, but it needs still more, and the current credit crisis is giving company management some sleepless nights. The delay might cost WiMAX the short-term advantage it has over LTE , the rival 4G wireless broadband technology. In sharp comparison to the U.S., WiMAX technologies are taking off in emerging telecom economies such as India, a trend that is predicted to gather momentum in 2009 and 2010.

9. Troubles return to telecom land

It was arguably the worst year on record for U.S. phone companies. Millions decided to cut the cord and switch entirely to mobile plans in order to save money. The demand for DSL services slowed to a crawl. Their expansion into video is going slower than previously predicted. In order to deal with slow consumer demand, phone companies are saving cash by not spending on infrastructure. But their attempts to hoard cash and not spend on new equipment is in turn sending telecom gear makers swirling down the drain. The cable operators are starting to feel the heat as well. 2009 isn’t going to be easy for many of these companies.

10. Good-bye, Mr. Martin

So what am I looking forward to in 2009? For starters, the back of Kevin Martin, the FCC chairman who in my opinion has done the most harm to broadband competition with his backward-looking, telecom-friendly policies. I hope President-elect Barack Obama looks outside the beltway to find the next FCC leader, for someone who puts the people before special interest groups.

Source: Business Week

Pakistan Telecommunication Authority has Cautioned Telenor Pakistan and Mobilink for increasing their helpline call charges without notifying their customers. Sources confirmed us that PTA has further advised both the companies to play prominent message on IVR to announce the increment of charges for helpline calls, as most of users are not informed of updated/revised charges.

It merits mentioning here that Mobilink recently increased helpline charges from .75 to Rs.1.00 per call (excluding tax), while Telenor increased its helpline charges from Rs. 50 to Rs. 1.00 per call (excluding tax).

As per Contract of Service/customer Service agreement Form (CSAF), cellular companies should announce tariff on IVR 30 days prior to actually implement any new charges on helpline calls.

Telenor has already signed this agreement while Mobilink is yet to get the agreement concluded with PTA. Hence, Telenor was cautioned on violating the agreement, and to not to repeat this again.
On other hands, Mobilink was asked to agree on CSAF and not to follow the practice again.

It is supposed that both the companies will start announcing their new rate for helpline calls on IVR.

Spokesmen for both Telenor and Mobilink were not available for comment.


* PTA successfully liberalized the telecom sector of Pakistan in an efficient, transparent and fastest deregulation of telecom in the region
* The Government of Pakistan gave the status of Industry to Pakistan Telecommunication Sector
* With de-regulation of telecom sector, PTA awarded 14 Long Distance and International licenses, 38 fixed local loop licenses and 17 Wireless Local Loop licenses.
* Under the deregulation process PTA awarded two new Cellular Mobile Licenses to Warid Telecom and Telenor Pakistan for US$ 291 Million through open auction, while renewed other 2 licenses for Mobilink and Paktel against same value.
* In 2007 Azad Jammu and Kashmir council adopted the Pakistan Telecom Act 1996, and PTA’s jurisdiction was expanded to reach AJK and NA.
* PTA awarded five Cellular Mobile Licenses for AJK and NA while 13 companies were awarded total of 24 licenses for Long Distance International, Fixed Local Loop, Wireless Local Loop and Class Value added services categories.
* Pakistan Telecom Authority is capable of tracking gray traffic (illegal traffic) thanks to a technical facility installed, after which PTA in collaboration with Police has raided and closed many illegal telecom businesses.
* PTA got implemented IMEI system to curb handset thefts, through this facility, customers can block their mobile phones if they provide IMEI and other details.
* Pakistan Telecom Sector successfully implemented the Mobile Number Portability (MNP) and became first country in South Asia to have MNP
* There is a Consumer Protection Directorate (CPD) at PTA to protect telecom consumer
* Almost 92 Percent of Pakistani Population has access to telecom services
* Total teledensity of Pakistan for Cellular, fixed, WLL is 60.4 percent (as of October 2008)
* Total Mobile Subscribers in the country are 90.5 million with cellular teledensity of 56 percent (as of October 2008)
* Total fixed line subscribers stand at 4.4 million
* PTCL share more than 90 percent share in Fixed line market
* There are total of 2.3 million Wireless Local Loop subscribers in Pakistan, WLL teledensity is 1.5 percent
* Total payphones working in the country, both fixed and wireless are 449,121
* Total broadband subscribers in Pakistan are 170,000
* Total dial-up users in Pakistan are 3.7 million
* Telecom sector of Pakistan has a share of almost 2 percent in National GDP
* In 2007/08 Telecom sector fetched total of US$ 1,438 million Foreign Direct investment, that counts 27 percent of total FDI coming in the country
* Total Investment made during 2007-08 in all segments of Telecom Sector was US$ 3,113 million
* Total Telecom revenues of Pakistan in 2007-08 reached Rs. 278 billion, which were 18 percent more than of previous year
* Mobile Cellular Companies share 56 percent of total telecom revenues
* Telecom sector is also a major contributor to national exchequer and deposited more than Rs. 111.63 billion only in year 2007-08
* Telecom sector submitted total of Rs. 44.61 billion as GST/CED to Federal Board of Revenue in 2007-08

Source: PTA’s Annual Report,


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